Building codes are adopted by a state or local government's legislative body and, then enacted to regulate building construction within a particular jurisdiction. The primary purpose of a building code is to regulate new or proposed construction. Building codes only apply to an existing building if the building undergoes reconstruction, rehabilitation or alteration, or if the occupancy of the existing building changes to a new occupancy level as defined by the building code.
Defining Building Codes
A building code is a collection of laws, regulations, ordinances, or other statutory requirements adopted by a government legislative authority involved with the physical structure and healthful conditions for occupants of buildings. Building codes are the government's official statement on building safety.
We all need protection from tragedy due to fire, structural collapse, and general deterioration in our homes, offices, schools, manufacturing facilities, stores, or places of entertainment.
The Scope of Building Codes
Building codes embrace all aspects of building construction, fire and structural items as well as the plumbing, electrical and mechanical systems. They provide safeguards and ensure uniformity in the construction industry. While codes provide the means to reduce risks to an acceptable level, no code can totally eliminate all of the potential hazards. Only through proper design, sound construction practices and effective code administration programs, can owners ensure safe and hazard-free buildings for occupants.
Inspection during construction is the only way to independently verify that compliance has been achieved. Inspections are conducted in homes, offices, and other buildings to verify conformity to minimum standards, prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy or Certificate of Completion.
Florida Building Code 5th edition (2014)
View Florida Building Code.